The main windows components when you start your computer are the Desktop, My Computer, Recycle Bin, Start Button, Taskbar, and shortcuts to applications. After opening an application, you will also have a window with an active application which will appear in your desktop and taskbar.

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Desktop
The Desktop is one of the windows components which is the very first screen you see after Windows starts. There you find the folders: My Documents, My Computer, the Recycle Bin and any Shortcuts for applications and files that you have created.

My Computer
When you double-click on the My Computer icon on the desktop, it will open a window similar to the one shown below, where you can navigate between the computer’s drives and Control Panel tools.

Recycle Binrecyclebin

When you delete a file from your computer’s hard drive, it is removed to the folder called Recycle Bin. Files deleted from your hard drive are still available for restoring if needed, unless you empty your Recycle Bin.

  • To restore the files, open the Recycle Bin folder by double-clicking the icon on your desktop, select the file and then select Restore.
  •  To clear the Recycle Bin, select Empty Recycle Bin and the files will be permanently removed from your computer.

 

Note that the recycle bin does not apply to the contents of a floppy disk. If you delete a file from a floppy disk, it is permanently deleted, and you cannot restore it.

Start Menu 

By clicking the Start button, in the very bottom-left corner of the screen, a vertical window will come up with the Start Menu.

The list of submenus in the pop-up window lets you navigate and select the application you want to run.

Taskbar

taskbar

 

Shortcut shortcut
A shortcut creates a button or icon which typically stays on the desktop and when double-clicked, quickly allows you to start a program or open a file without having to go to its permanent location on your computer.

To create a shortcut, open Windows Explorer or go to the Start menu, select the file or program you want to create a shortcut for, place the cursor on the icon for the file, then right-click and select Create Shortcut from the menu that pops up. The shortcut file will be created. After that, you drag the shortcut file to the desktop and whenever you double-click on it, it will open the application or document related to the shortcut.