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Fifth Generation Computers

Fifth Generation Computers

Fifth generation computers, based on artificial intelligence, are still in development, though there are some applications, such as voice recognition, that are being used today. Artificial Intelligence is the branch of computer science concerned with making computers behave like humans and allow the computer to take its own decision. Currently, no computers exhibit full artificial intelligence (that is, are able to simulate human behavior). The greatest advances have occurred in the field of games playing. The best computer chess programs are now capable of beating humans. Today, the hottest area of artificial intelligence is neural networks, which are proving successful in an umber of disciplines such as voice recognition and natural-language processing. There are several programming languages that are known as AI languages because they are used almost exclusively for AI applications. The two most common are LISP and Prolog. The speed is extremely high in fifth generation computer. In the development of Fifth generation computers, parallel processing attended the main focus of developers. Until this time, parallelism was limited to pipelining and vector processing. This generation introduced machines with hundreds of processors that could all be working on different parts of a single program. Developments of more powerful computers are still in progress. It has been predicted that such a computer will be able to communicate in natural spoken language with its user, store vast knowledge databases, search rapidly through these databases, making intelligent inferences, drawing logical conclusions, image processing and see objects in the way that humans do.

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